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All about Non-Resident Taxation

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All about Non-Resident Taxation

All about Non-Resident Taxation

Tax incidence in case of Non-residents

Nature of IncomeTaxability in the hands of Non-resident
Income which accrues or arises in IndiaTaxed
Income which is deemed to accrue or arise in IndiaTaxed
Income which is received in IndiaTaxed
Income which is deemed to be received in IndiaTaxed
Income accruing outside India from a business controlled from India or from a profession set up in IndiaNot Taxed
Income other than above (i.e., income which has no relation with India)Not Taxed
  1. TAXATION FOR NON RESIDENTS INDIVIDUAL.

In case of Non Resident Tax Chargeability on income depends upon following:

  1. Determine Residential Status
  2. Determine Taxability of Income(Nature of income) In India

(A). Determining Residential Status.

To find whether a person is a Non-resident Indian or not we have to first check his/her Residential Status.

To determine the residential status of an individual, the first step is to ascertain whether he is resident or non-resident. If he turns to be a resident, then the next step is to ascertain whether he is resident and ordinarily resident or is a resident but not ordinarily resident.

Step 1 given below will ascertain whether the individual is resident or non-resident and step 2 will ascertain whether he is ordinarily resident or not ordinarily resident. Step 2 is to be performed only if the individual turns to be a resident.

 

 

 

Step 1: Determining whether resident or Non-resident

Under the Income-tax Law, an individual will be treated as a resident in India for a year if he satisfies any of the following conditions (i.e. may satisfy any one or may satisfy both the conditions):

(a) He is in India for a period of 182 days or more in that year; or

(b) He is in India for a period of 60 days or more in the year and for a period of 365 days or more in 4 years immediately preceding the relevant year.

If an individual does not satisfy any of the above conditions he will be treated as non-resident in India.

Note : Condition given in (b) above will not apply to an Indian citizen leaving India for the purpose of employment or to an Indian citizen leaving India as a member of crew of Indian ship or to an Indian citizen/person of Indian origin coming on a visit to India. A person is said to be of Indian origin, if he or any of his parents or grand-parents (maternal or paternal) were born in undivided India.

Note: With effect from Assessment Year 2015-16, in the case of an individual, being a citizen of India and a member of the crew of a foreign bound ship leaving India, the period or peri​ods of stay in India shall, in respect of such voyage, be determined in the manner and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.

Step 2: Determining whether resident and ordinarily resident or resident but not ordinarily resident

A resident individual will be treated as resident and ordinarily resident in India during the year if he satisfies following conditions:

(a) He is resident in India for at least 2 years out of 10 years immediately preceeding the relevant year.

(b) His stay in India is for 730 days or more during 7 years immediately preceeding the relevant year.

A resident individual who does not satisfy any of the aforesaid conditions or satisfies only one of the aforesaid conditions will be treated as resident but not ordinarily resident.

CONCLUSION

In other words, following test will determine the residential status of an individual:

  • If the individual satisfy any one or both the conditions specified at step 1 and satisfies both the conditions specified at step 2, then he will become resident and ordinarily resident in India.
  • If the individual satisfy any one or both the conditions specified at step 1 and satisfies none or one condition specified at step 2, then he will become resident but not ordinarily resident in India.
  • If the individual satisfy no conditions satisfied at step one, then he will become non-resident.

 

 

(B). Determine Taxability/Nature of Receipts i.e. whether receipts are taxable or not In India:

(a) Taxability of Salaries:

  • Salary is earned In India and
  • Salary is received for services rendered in India.
  • TDS provisions are applicable.

In Case Salaries are Received By citizen of India from Government of India for rendering services outside India is also taxable in India.

(b) Taxability of Income from House Property:

  • Property to be situated in India.
  • Taxability is same as in case of resident for Rental Income from house property situated in India.
  • TDS to be deducted by Tenant on Payment of rent to Non-resident Landlord.

(c) Taxability of Income from business and profession:

  • Income Earned BY Non Residents From business controlled or set up in india is taxable in India.

(c) Taxability of Capital Gains.

  • Property to be situated in India.
  • Capital Gains on sale of Investments in India in securities are also taxable.
  • Taxability is same as in case of Residents.
  • TDS provisions are applicable.

(d) Taxability of other Income.

  • Income Received in India is taxable In India.
  • Interest income from FD’S and saving bank a/c’s in Indian bank received is taxable.
  • Interest on NRE and FCNR account is tax free. Interest on NRO account is fully taxable.

 

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